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Table 2 Anthropometrical, metabolic and cardiopulmonary profile of the PCOS population according to HRR.

From: Relationship between heart rate recovery and inflammatory markers in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: a cross-sectional study

Variables Normal HRR (n = 154)
(> 18 beats/min)
Abnormal HRR (n = 89)
(≤18 beats/min)
P value
Age (years) 20.7 ± 2.3 23.9 ± 1.9 < 0.001
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.3 ± 2.9 31.3 ± 3.1 < 0.001
WHR 0.84 ± 0.2 0.87 ± 0.1 < 0.001
TC (mg/dl) 153.3 ± 18.1 155.8 ± 16.6 0.442
HDL-C (mg/dl) 44.2 ± 7.3 40.9 ± 10.5 < 0.001
LDL-C (mg/dl) 89.5 ± 8.3 90.4 ± 7.6 0.593
TG (mg/dl) 114.6 ± 20.3 122 ± 22.4 < 0.001
Fasting glucose 93.0 ± 6.8 98.3 ± 7.1 < 0.001
Fasting insulin 20.1 ± 3.3 24.2 ± 3.7 < 0.001
AUC GLU 11950 ± 2122 12033 ± 2154 0.335
AUC INS 16520 ± 950 17480 ± 970 < 0.001
AUC GLU/INS 0.77 ± 0.2 0.73 ± 0.3 < 0.001
WBCs count (× 10 9 cells/l) 6.6 ± 1.5 7.3 ± 1.8 < 0.001
CRP (mg/dl) 0.11 (0.09–0.25) 0.21 (0.11–0.69) < 0.001
logCRP (mg/dl) 1.1 ± 0.4 1.8 ± 0.7 < 0.001
HR REST (beats/min) 67.2 ± 2.5 72.1 ± 3.9 < 0.001
VO 2peak (ml/Kg/min) 26.1 ± 3.3 22.5 ± 2.8 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: AUCGLU, area under the curve for glucose; AUCINS, area under the curve for insulin; BMI, body mass index; CRP, C-reactive protein; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; HRR, heart rate recovery; HRREST, resting heart rate; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; VO2max, maximal oxygen consumption; WBCs, white blood cells; WHR, waist to hip ratio.