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Table 1 Baseline clinical and hormonal characteristics of the women with PCOS, women with H only and control groups

From: Adrenocortical steroid response to ACTH in different phenotypes of non-obese polycystic ovary syndrome

Parameters PCOS H Control P
(n = 119) (n = 24) (n = 39) (overall)
Age (year) 22.2 ± 4.1 23.8 ± 4.9 24.4 ± 2.9 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 3.1 22.1 ± 2.3 21.2 ± 2.08 NS
WHR 0.76 ± 0.06 0.77 ± 0.04 0.75 ± 0.06 NS
mFG 8.7 ± 5.3ª 10.0 ± 3.4ª 0.6 ± 0.9 <0.001
Testosterone (ng/dl) 70.4 ± 34.5ª 70.3 ± 30.7ª 34.9 ± 11.6 <0.001
SHBG (nmol/l) 39.6 ± 20.7ª 32.8 ± 16.7ª 56.5 ± 29.1 <0.001
FAI 8.8 ± 7.6ª 8.5 ± 4.5ª 2.7 ± 1.6 <0.001
DHEAS (μg/dl) 278 ±134b 314 ± 115ª 204 ± 74 <0.001
FPG (mg/dl) 82.4 ± 11.8 81.2 ± 10.7 83.7 ± 11.2 NS
Fasting insulin (μIU/ml) 11.1 ± 5.9 9.2 ± 3.5 9.4 ± 3.1 NS
HOMA-IR 2.3 ± 1.3 1.8 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 0.7 NS
  1. Results are expressed as mean ± SD. NS not significant, BMI body mass index, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, mFG modified Ferriman-Gallwey score, SHBG sex hormone-binding globulin, FAI free androgen index, DHEAS dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HOMA-IR homeostatic model assesment of insulin resistance.
  2. a P <0.001 vs. Control.
  3. b P <0.01 vs. Control.