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Table 3 Comparisons of clinical and hormonal characteristics among different phenotypes of PCOS

From: Adrenocortical steroid response to ACTH in different phenotypes of non-obese polycystic ovary syndrome

Parameters PHO OH PH PO P
(n = 50) (n = 32) (n = 23) (n = 14) (overall)
Age (year) 22.4 ± 4.5 22.4 ± 4.3 22.3 ± 3.3 20.8 ± 3.4 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 22.6 ± 3.1 22.7 ± 3.2 22.1 ± 2.9 22.5 ± 4.04 NS
WHR 0.78 ± 0.05 0.77 ± 0.05 0.75 ± 0.06 0.77 ± 0.07 NS
mFG 8.2 ± 5.0a,* 10.9 ± 5.1a 10.6 ± 3.6a 1.4 ± 1.7 <0.001
Testosterone (ng/dl) 74.8 ± 37.6a 77.9 ± 30.8a 71.7 ± 29.1a 35.9 ± 15.7 <0.001
SHBG (nmol/l) 39.9 ± 23.5 36.9 ± 17.8 38.6 ± 20.7 46.0 ± 15.7 NS
FAI 9.9 ± 8.4a 9.6 ± 8.0a 8.8 ± 5.8b 2.8 ± 1.4 <0.01
DHEAS (μg/dl) 277 ± 127 b 312 ±140b 294 ± 136b 174.9 ± 95.8 <0.01
FPG (mg/dl) 82.0 ± 12.6 81.4 ± 11.5 83.1 ± 9.3 84.9 ± 14.4 NS
Fasting insulin (μIU/ml) 12.3 ± 7.5c 11.2 ± 3.7c 8.2 ± 4.1 10.2 ± 4.9 <0.01
HOMA-IR 2.6 ± 1.6c 2.3 ± 0.8c 1.7 ± 0.9 2.3 ± 1.2 <0.05
  1. Results are expressed as mean ± SD. NS not significant, PHO polycystic ovaries, oligo-anovulation and hyperandrogenism, OH oligo-anovulation and hyperandrogenism, PH polycystic ovaries and hyperandrogenism, PO polycystic ovaries and oligo-anovulation, BMI body mass index, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, mFG modified Ferriman-Gallwey score, SHBG sex hormone-binding globulin, FAI free androgen index, DHEAS dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HOMA-IR homeostatic model assesment of insulin resistance.
  2. a P <0.001 vs. PO.
  3. b P <0.01 vs. PO.
  4. c P <0.01 vs. PH.
  5. *P =0.05 vs. OH.