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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Surgical management and perioperative morbidity of patients with primary borderline ovarian tumor (BOT)

  Primary approach via laparotomy Primary laparoscopic approach P
  (n = 61) (58.1%) (n = 44) (41.9%)  
Age, median (years) 59   47   0.006 a
  range 13-85   16-86   
  ≤40 10 16.4% 16 36.4% 0.023 c
  41-55 18 29.5% 16 36.4% 0.528c
  56-65 12 19.7% 5 11.4% 0.294c
  >65 21 34.4% 7 15.9% 0.044 c
FIGO stage
  I A/B 40 65.6% 19 43.2% 0.029 c
  I C 13 21.3% 19 43.2% 0.019 c
  II A-C 1 1.6% 2 4.5% 0.570c
  III A/B 3 4.9% 3 6.8% 0.693c
  III C 4 6.6% 1 2.3% 0.396c
  IV 0 0.0% 0 0.0%  
Histologic subtype
  serous 27 44.3% 32 72.7% 0.005 c
  seromucinous 2 3.3% 5 11.4% 0.127c
  mucinous 30 49.2% 6 13.6% < 0.001 c
  endometrioid 2 3.3% 1 2.3% 1.000c
Implants
  yes 8 13.1% 2 4.5% 0.140b
  - invasive 1   0   
  - non-invasive 7   2   
  no 53 86.9% 42 95.5%  
Ascites
  none 27 44.3% 18 40.9% 0.468b
  < 500 ml 22 36.1% 11 25.0%  
  > 500 ml 8 13.1% 2 4.5%  
  unknown 4 6.6% 13 29.5%  
CA 125 44.6    48.5 0.804a
range 2-2770    6-360  
  elevated 27 44.3% 16 36.4% 0.594b
  within normal limits 24 39.3% 11 25.0%  
  unknown 10 16.4% 17 38.6%  
BMI, median 23,4   24.1   0.904a
range 17,7-43,0   18.6-35.3 17,7-43,0  
  < 19 3 4.9% 1 2.3% 0.677b
  19-24 23 37.7% 15 34.1%  
  24-30 19 31.1% 11 25.0%  
  >30 8 13.1% 2 4.5%  
  unknown 8 13.1% 15 34.1%  
ASA, median 2   2   0.010 a
range 1-3   1-3 1-3  
  1 7 11.5% 13 29.5% 0.020 b
  2 31 50.8% 14 31.8%  
  3 9 14.8% 3 6.8%  
  unknown 14 23.0% 14 31.8%  
  1. Overview of the characteristics of all BOT patients (n = 105). Sixty-one patients undergoing primary laparotomy were opposed to 44 patients receiving primary laparoscopy.
  2. ( a : Mann–Whitney U test, b : Chi 2 test, c : Fisher’s exact test).