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Table 3 Literature review of malignant struma ovarii with pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome and elevated CA125 levels

From: Precise preoperative diagnosis of struma ovarii with pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome mimicking ovarian cancer with the combination of 131I scintigraphy and 18F–FDG PET: case report and review of the literature

Study Age (y)
Gravidity
Size (cm) CA125 (U/ml) Preoperative thyroid function Imaging modalities Preoperative diagnosis Intraoperative diagnosis by frozen section Treatment
Zannoni et al. 2004 [20] 66
multipara
9.5 × 5.6 × 7 1636 WNL
TG: 299.8 ng/ml
US, CT Suspected ovarian malignancy Struma ovarii ATH + BSO + OM + multiple peritoneal biopsies + sampling of pelvic lymph nodes
  1. WNL within normal limits, N/A Not available, TG thyroglobulin, US ultrasonography, CT computerized tomography, MRI magnetic resonance imaging, FDG fluorodeoxyglucose, PET positron emission tomography, I iodine, ATH abdominal total hysterectomy, BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, RSO right salpingo-oophorectomy, LSO left salpingo-oophorectomy, OM omentectomy