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Table 1 Main study parameters assessed in PCOS patients and healthy eugonadal women (n = 78)

From: Serum under-carboxylated osteocalcin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: weight-dependent relationships with endocrine and metabolic traits

  PCOS (n = 52) Controls (n = 26)
Age (years) 24.44 ± 5.49 25.96 ± 7.28
BMI (kg/m2) 28.79 ± 5.66 27.03 ± 6.04
WHR 0.85 ± 0.06 0.79 ± 0.06**
Total body FM (kg) 32.94 ± 11.58 28.79 ± 11.49
SBP (mm Hg) 108.46 ± 12.46 107.88 ± 12.66
DBP (mm Hg) 72.01 ± 9.96 70.38 ± 9.26
ucOC (ng/ml) 3.11 ± 0.68 2.79 ± 0.84#
OC (ng/ml) 13.76 ± 6.58 13.07 ± 6.55
β-CrossLaps (ng/ml) 0.539 ± 0.426 0.528 ± 0.334
TT (nmol/l) 3.04 ± 1.20 1.91 ± 0.80***
cFT (nmol/l) 0.051 ± 0.027 0.020 ± 0.012***
SHBG (nmol/l) 47.58 ± 32.09 88.03 ± 41.19***
Glucose (mg/dl) 85.57 ± 7.90 84.53 ± 7.03
Insulin (μU/ml) 16.56 ± 6.83 12.40 ± 3.81*
HOMA-IR 3.54 ± 1.64 2.60 ± 0.87**
QUICKI 0.322 ± 0.020 0.334 ± 0.017*
Hs-CRP (mg/l) 5.51 ± 3.91 4.04 ± 3.87
  1. Results are presented as mean ± SD and compared by Mann Whitney or two-tailed independent t-test, as appropriated. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index, WHR, waist-to-hip ratio, FM, fat mass, SBP, systolic blood pressure, DBP, diastolic blood pressure, ucOC, under-carboxylated osteocalcin, OC, (1-43/49) osteocalcin, TT, total testosterone, cFT, calculated free testosterone, SHBG, sex hormone-binding globulin, HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, QUICKI, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, Hs-CRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, #p = 0.070 and p = 0.016 after adjusting for total body fat mass.