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Table 2 Surgical parameters

From: Surgical management and perioperative morbidity of patients with primary borderline ovarian tumor (BOT)

  Primary approach via laparotomy Primary laparoscopic approach P
  (n = 61) (58.1%) (n = 44) (41.9%)  
Indication for surgery
  cystic ovarian lesion 56 91.8% 42 95.5%  
   - unsuspicious ovarian cyst 0   13   
   - cystic lesion of unknown dignity 48   29   
   - suspected ovarian cancer/ BOT 8   0   
  unexpected diagnosis during surgery for different reason 5 8.2% 2 4.5%  
Conversion of laparoscopy to laparotomy (reason for conversion)    14 31.8%  
  intraoperative conditions    11 78.6%  
   - tumor growth pattern and tumor size    8   
   - adhesions    3   
  result of intraoperative histology    3 21.4%  
Surgical procedures in primary and re-staging surgery
  fertility sparing surgery 9 14.8% 15 34.1%  
  non-fertility sparing surgery 52 85.2% 29 65.9%  
  omentectomy 33 54.1% 30 68.2%  
  appendectomy 35 57.4% 12 27.3%  
  peritoneal biopsies 37 60.7% 23 52.3%  
  cytology 49 80.3% 38 86.4%  
  sampling of lymph nodes or lymphonodectomy 24 39.3% 14 31.8%  
   - pelvic 19   13   
   - paraaortic 5   3   
Surgical cytoreduction      0.333b
  complete 54 88.5% 36 81.8%  
  incomplete 7 11.5% 8 18.2%  
Surgical staging      < 0.001 b
  - complete in primary surgery 30 49.2% 4 9.1%  
  - incomplete in primary surgery 31 50.8% 40 90.9%  
  - complete after re-staging surgery 31 50.8 23 52.3  
  - incomplete after re-staging 30 49.2 21 47.7  
Intraoperative histology      < 0.001 b
  obtained 51 83.6% 15 34.1%  
   - intraoperative diagnosis of BOT 30   9   
  not obtained 10 16.4% 29 65.9%  
Cyst rupture      0.038 b
  yes 8 13.1% 13 29.5%  
  no 53 86.9% 31 70.5%  
Duration of surgery, median (min) 136   112   0.120a
range 50-405   47-350   
Eks, median 0   0   0.088a
range 0-6   0-2   
FFPs, median 0   0   0.342a
range 0-20   0-10   
Hb preop, median (mg/dl) 13.4   13.6   0.662a
range 5.6-15.1   10.3-14.8   
Hb postop, median (mg/dl) 10.9   11.9   0.006 a
range 7.4-13.6   9.5-14.3   
Days on ICU, median (days) 0   0   0.014 a
range 0-4   0-2   
Primary inhospital stay, median (days) 9   5   < 0.001 a
range 5-19   0-19   
  1. Detailed overview of the surgical procedures as well as the characteristics of surgery and the inhospital stay. Parameters were separately analyzed for laparotomy (n = 61) and laparoscopy (n = 44).
  2. ( a : Mann–Whitney U test, b : Chi 2 test).