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Table 3 Perioperative complications

From: Surgical management and perioperative morbidity of patients with primary borderline ovarian tumor (BOT)

  Primary approach via laparotomy Primary laparoscopic approach P    All surgeries
  61   44    105  
Overall complications
No complications 43 70.5% 36 81.8% 0.185b 79 75.2%
Yes 18 29.5% 8 18.2%   26 24.8%
Intraoperative complications
No complications 54 88.5% 44 100.0% 0.020 b 98 93.3%
Yes 7 11.5% 0 0.0%   7 6.7%
  Intraoperative transfusions 5 62.5% 0    5 62.5%
  Cardiac arrest 1 12.5% 0    1 12.5%
  Bladder lesions 1 12.5% 0    1 12.5%
  Ureter lesions 0 0% 0    0 0%
  Bowel lesions 0 0% 0    0 0%
  Intraoperative splenic injury 1 12.5% 0    1 12.5%
Complications in total 8 100.0% 0    8 100.0%
Postoperative complications/morbidity
No complications 49 80.3% 36 81.8% 0.848b 85 81.0%
Yes 12 19.7% 8 18.2%   20 19.0%
  Postoperative transfusion 5 29.4% 1 8.3%   6 20.7%
  Postoperative hemorrhage 0 0% 0 0%   0 0%
  Blood glucose dysregulation 1 5.9% 0 0%   1 3.4%
  Fever >6 days after surgery 1 5.9% 2 16.7%   3 10.3%
  Wound infection 2 11.8% 2 16.7%   4 13.8%
  Delayed wound healing 1 5.9% 1 8.3%   2 6.9%
  Persistent lymphatic cysts 1 5.9% 0 0%   1 3.4%
  Circulatory dysregulation 1 5.9% 2 16.7%   3 10.3%
  Deep vein thrombosis 2 11.8% 0 0%   2 6.9%
  Pulmonary embolism 0 0% 0 0%   0 0%
  Acute renal failure 0 0% 1 8.3%   1 3.4%
  Urinary retention 1 5.9% 0 0%   1 3.4%
  Ileus 0 0% 1 8.3%   1 3.4%
  Pleural effusion 0 0% 1 8.3%   1 3.4%
  Pain syndrome 1 5.9% 0 0%   1 3.4%
  Re-Laparotomy 0 0% 2 16.7%   2 6.9%
Complications in total 16 100.0% 13 100.0%   29 100.0%
  1. Complications of primary laparotomy (n = 61) and laparoscopy (n = 44), multiple complications per patient possible. Besides overall complication rates, intraoperative and postoperative events are listed separately.
  2. ( b : Chi 2 test).